Washington State: Comp Monopoly at Risk with Initiative 1082

September 29th, 2010 by

In November the voters in the Evergreen state have the opportunity to end one of the few remaining monopolistic systems for workers compensation (the three others are North Dakota, Ohio and Wyoming). As you might expect, there is much fulminating and little rational discourse evident in the pre-election build up on Initiative 1082.
Opponents of privitization project visions of greedy insurers denying claims (Hank Greenberg with an ax?), while proponents lampoon the arrogance and incompetence of a bloated state bureaucracy. (If you want to see what passes for humor in the great northwest, check out this rather lame rap video in support of the initiative.)
It’s hardly surprising that opponents of the measure view insurers as a greedy, heartless enemy. On the other hand, it’s pretty clear that most monopolies tend to evolve (or is it devolve?) into behemoths slow to respond and slow to innovate. Both visions suffer from inaccuracy and distortion.
Who Pays?
In most states, employers bear the full cost of workers comp: employees pay nothing for the premiums and nothing for the treatments. In Washington, there are three funds supported by comp premiums: an indemnity fund; a medical fund; and a supplemental pension fund. Employees contribute through payroll deduction to the latter two funds. The current deduction is 0.1543 percent of earnings, with no caps. If I’ve done the math right – a big if, unfortunately! – that’s about $76 per year for the average worker. Not a lot of money, but the principle is interesting – employees have a little “skin” in the game. Total employee contribution of premiums does reach the substantial level of about 22 percent.
While you would expect small businesses to embrace competition, some oppose 1082 for the simple fact that it will eliminate the employee contribution to premiums and shift the entire burden onto employers. Costs might go up. On the other hand, competition might bring costs down.
Decision Makers
Currently, costs for workers comp in Washington are modest: they rank 38th for cost in the 2008 Oregon survey, with an average rate of $1.98 per $100 of payroll. If the costs were higher, the pressure for change would probably be much more intense. As it is, voters will go the polls as they often do, with a lot of inflammatory rhetoric (and perhaps an annoying rap song) ringing in their ears. Then they will fill out their ballots. The fate of Washington’s comp system is in their hands.

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